Quantum computers are often called ‘the computers of tomorrow’. Information will be stored in the quantum states of atoms. Quantum computers and a quantum internet will be very much faster, and quantum communications will be more secure ones. To achieve this, developers must create different sorts of technologies as well as materials with new qualities.

A group of university-based researchers led by Alexander Mashin, Chief Researcher at UNN Research Institute for Physics and Technology, started a project to design and create new materials and basic elements for quantum communication and quantum processing of information. Researchers use chalcogenide glassy semiconductors of As-Te system and As-Se-Te system. As, Se and Te are the chemical elements used as starting compounds for production of fully homogenized and chemically pure glass samples in a nonequilibrium low-temperature argon plasma. New materials must possess ultra-high optical properties. The project is supported by the Russian Science Foundation.

The researchers explore the physics and chemistry of the plasma chemical process to develop advanced technology to produce bulk samples and flat glass structures. The project envisages the direct synthesis of planar structures and the creation of plasma chemical synthesis equipment. The research will pioneer the next generation of micro-photonic and optoelectronic components.